A corneal transplant also called Keratoplasty, is a surgical procedure used to replace a diseased or disfigured cornea with a healthy donor cornea. It is done to restore vision, improve the aesthetic look, and reduces pain caused due to scarred and infectious corneas. The donor cornea comes from a dying person after checking the quality of his cornea. Unlike other organ transplants, the corneal transplant does not require tissue matching and hence is more successful. A corneal transplant can be either Penetrating Keratoplasty, Endothelial Keratoplasty, or Lamellar Keratoplasty, depending on the layers of the cornea needing replacement.
Refractive Lens Surgery
Refractive Lens Exchange, also called Lens Replacement Surgery, is done to correct refractive error. It involves exchanging the natural lens of the eye with an intraocular lens to correct refractive error along with increasing the focus of the eye. It aims to reduce the dependence on spectacles and contact lens along with eliminating the scope of cataracts in the future. Depending on the patient’s ocular condition, either Monofocal or Multifocal or Accommodating IOLs can be used in this procedure.
Cataract surgery is a procedure to improve vision by replacing the cloudy cataractous lens with a clear Intra Ocular Lens. Factors like age, systemic complications, and traumatized conditions lead to lens opacity which is then removed via surgery. It is performed under topical anesthesia, and the patient can go home right after the surgery. Cataract surgery has successfully restored vision in a majority of people suffering from impaired vision due to cataracts.
Retinal Laser Surgery
Lasers have become a commonly used and very powerful tool in the treatment of retinal disease. Retinal lasers have been specially designed to be able to pass through non-retinal tissue (the lens and cornea) without damaging them. With the help of various lenses, laser beams can be focused on the retina for non-invasive surgical treatment.